Science experiments help the child to understand the laws of the Universe. They curriculum covers:
- Rotation of the Earth
- Night and day and the seasons
- Water cycle
- Mineral and energy sources
- Plant and animal needs and life cycles
- Interdependence of species
- Outdoor environment is used to plant flowers and vegetables
- Examine trees, wild flowers, animal tracks
- Identify and classify types of soil and rocks
- Experiment with various growing conditions
- Test pollution levels in snow
- Measure rainfall
The Social curriculum recognizes the child’s early interest in an ethical value system and social rules in the community.
- Children are given strategies for consulting and collaborating with others.
- They learn conflict resolution skills.
- They learn respect for individual differences.
- The child learns shared responsibility.
- Children develop awareness of the unique contribution that every person makes to the community and environment.
The lower elementary Montessori curriculum lays the foundation for further growth and understanding. The child moves from a carefully structured environment to one that they will construct for themselves with the understanding that they have developed between the ages of 6 to 9 years.
Plants and animals are an essential part of the elementary environment and as children observe and care for these living things, they acquire the experiential basis for their future understanding of biology. They extend their knowledge by going out to wildlife sanctuaries, arboretums, and nature parks. They read, “Who am I” stories about the lives and characteristics of plants and animals. They examine different specimens of vertebrates and invertebrates. They perform plant experiments that demonstrate basic functions of each part of a plant.
In the biology curriculum, children use classroom resources, books, card materials, and charts in their studies. They write reports and out of the comparative studies of life forms, they also see and appreciate the interdependence of all things in the universe.
Art is integrated in all areas of the Montessori curriculum. In Language, children illustrate their written words. They are introduced to various forms of poetry. Geometry teaches shapes and creative designs. Music concerts give children opportunities for music listening and appreciation, dramatizing, vocalizing and dancing. Engaging projects encourage personal expression while students learn about art history and a sense of other cultures. In addition, field trips to see musical concerts, dance performances, and other cultural venues expand their knowledge and curriculum learning.
During French classes, children develop fundamental vocabulary and language structures for effective oral communication with an emphasis on listening and speaking. Reading and writing is also emphasized, along with the discovery of the culture of the French language.
Health and Physical Education
Off-site physical education activities familiarize children with what the surrounding community offers. Children experience enjoyment as they learn goal setting, discipline and physical skills. As well, they learn social skills such as working with others, fairness, team play, sportsmanship and leadership. These experiences create a lifelong interest in physical activity, health and fitness in each child’s life. On a daily basis, children participate in activities during recess to promote active living. Integrating healthy eating and physical activities into a child’s everyday routine is a great way to encouraging enthusiasm for an active lifestyle.